Peas can be direct sown in early April as soon as the ground is fit, 5 – 6 weeks prior to the last frost. Seeds may rot if the soil is too wet or below 40 Fahrenheit. Succession planting every 2 weeks after the first sowing until June and again in mid August, 10 – 12 weeks before the first frost will give you an extended harvest. Most peas will benefit with a vertical support structure using a trellis, chicken wire or bush twigs. When peas start to flower, it is important to water during and after flowering and apply mulch to keep the moisture around the roots. Peas require no fertilizer feeding but we work some organic matter to the soil to help keep moisture around the roots.
Peas need to be picked often to retain a high yield production and when the pods start to swell, watering will increase the yield. Young seedlings are easy to grow under grow lights in cell flats and can be a great addition to salads. Peas are mostly pest and disease free, however aphids and slugs are known to give problems and powdery mildew can develop in warm humid weather with cooler nights, so sowing in early spring should avoid this problem.
Peas climb using tendrils that can cling to vertical supports. You can pick the young pea shoots or tendrils and add them to salads. By adding a trellis or vertical supports, this will increase the leaf and fruit ratio allowing photosynthesis.
Peas are rich in vitamins A, B and C and contains phosphorous and iron and helps to purify the blood.
Shell Peas are grown in pods. Each pod has approximately 7-8 sweet peas to be eaten raw or cooked and will freeze well. The pods are not to be eaten and after shelling the peas, we recycle the pods to the compost bin.
Snow Peas ready when the pods are flat and the peas inside are tiny or undeveloped. The entire pod can be eaten raw or added to stir-fries.
Snap Peas combine the best of shell and snow varieties with edible pods and peas. Best to harvest when the peas inside the pod develop.